Acute alcoholic hallucinosis:
Some 20 to 25 % of alcoholics, suffering from this mental
disease falls into this category. Most of the patients exhibit schizoid
characteristics, which becomes aggravated due to the use of alcohol. In acute
alcoholic hallucinosis, as in delirium tremens the patient suffers from
anxiety, insomnia, extreme emotionality and various kinds of hallucination.
In a state of delirium, many of the
hallucination tend to be of visual nature. While in the case of acute alcoholic
hallucinosis, they are of auditory origin. The patient professes to hearing a
variety of voices that threaten him, abuse him and scold him, responsible for
many kinds of immoral activity. Often such voice address the patient as if he
were a separate individual. Some patients become so obsessed with these voices
that they seek the protection of police or even commit suicide.
Most of the people suffering from
this disease become introverts and those suffering from delirium tremens become
extroverts, because these patients are a source of danger to others and
themselves. It is necessary to have definite control over them.
The first step in curing them is to
stop them from drinking alcoholic stimulants, because the patient has to be
cured in relatively shorter time. But if the patient again falls into his old
ways it does not take a long time for the disease to come back and in
occasional cases it can even lead to schizophrenia.