Home | | English 8th Std | Vocabulary

British and American English, Eponymous, Euphemistic words - Vocabulary | 8th English : Unit 7 : Prose : Cyber Safety

Chapter: 8th English : Unit 7 : Prose : Cyber Safety

Vocabulary

Vocabulary: A,B) British and American English, C. Eponymous Words D. Euphemistic words

VOCABULARY

British and American English

A) Find the suitable British or American English word and fill in the following.



Spelling Differences

B) Find the suitable British or American English spelling and fill in the following.



C. Eponymous Words

Words whose origin is traced to individuals are known as eponymous words. 


Eponym: saxophone

Meaning: A woodwind instrument made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece.

Origin: Adolphe Sax, Belgian - born inventor, was the designer of the saxophone.

Eponym: volcano

Meaning: A rupture in the crust of a planetary mass object.

Origin: Vulcan, the God of fire in Roman mythology.

Eponym: Eiffel Tower

Meaning: It is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the champ de Mars in Paris, France.

Origin: Gustave Eiffel, an Engineer. His company designed and built the tower.

Eponym: Boycott

Meaning: At act of voluntary absence from using, buying or dealing with a person or organization.

Origin: Captain Charles C. Boycott, an Irish land agent:

Eponym: Mount Everest

Meaning: The world's highest mountain above sea-level.

Origin: Sir George Everest the surveyor General of India.




D. Euphemistic words

Using an inoffensive words in the place of an offensive words are known as Euphemistic words.

Common Euphemisms in English


i. Fill in the blanks with correct euphemisms for the given words.


Answer:

Deaf, or hard of hearing - Hearing-impaired

mentally ill - Intellectually impaired

fat - Big-boned

blind - Visually impaired

liar - Spinning a yarn

 

VOCABULARY - ADDITIONAL

EPONYMOUS WORDS

An eponym refers to a person or thing after which something else is named.

Words whose origin is traced to individuals are known as eponymous words.

a. Fill in the blanks with correct Meaning and Origin for the given words.

Eponym: Atlas

Meaning: A book of maps

Origin: In Greek mythology, Atlas was the God of astronomy. He was forced to support the heavens upon his shoulders.

Eponym: Braille

Meaning: A writing system which allows blind or visually impaired people to read.

Origin: Louis Braille (1809-1852) suffered an eye injury as a small child and went blind. He developed his own writing system of raised dots.

Eponym: Celsius

Meaning: a temperature scale (0°C - 100°C)

Origin: Anders Celsius (1701-1744), a Swedish professor, developed the idea behind the temperature scale. The Celsius temperature scale was named after him.

Eponym: Fahrenheit

Meaning: One method of measuring temperature.

Origin: Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) was a German physicist. The Fahrenheit temperature scale was named after him.

EUPHEMISTIC WORDS

Euphemisms are polite, mild phrases which substitute unpleasant ways of saying something sad or uncomfortable.

Using an inoffensive words in the place of an offensive words are known as Euphemistic words. 

b. Fill in the blanks with correct Euphemisms for the given words.

Word : Euphemisms

housewife : homemaker

old people : senior citizen

short : vertically challenged

prison : correctional facility

toilet : restroom

homeless : on the street

lazy : couch potato

lunatic asylums : mental institutions


Tags : British and American English, Eponymous, Euphemistic words , 8th English : Unit 7 : Prose : Cyber Safety
Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail
8th English : Unit 7 : Prose : Cyber Safety : Vocabulary | British and American English, Eponymous, Euphemistic words


Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions, DMCA Policy and Compliant

Copyright © 2018-2024 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.