We have already learnt that idiom is an expression in English, with a special meaning of its own.
i) Given below are some idiomatic expressions with their meanings. Understand the meaning.
a) wait for the dust to settle - to wait for a situation to become clear or certain
to wait for a situation to become clear or
b) get/have all your ducks in a row - to have made all the preparations needed to do something / to be well organized
to have made all the preparations needed to do
something / to be well organized
c) fetch and carry (for somebody) - to do a lot of little jobs for somebody as if you were their servant
to do a lot of little jobs for somebody, as if
you were their servant
d) do the math - to think carefully about something before doing it, so that you know all the relevant facts or figures
to think carefully about something before doing
it, so that you know all the relevant facts or figures
e) round the corner - very near
ii) Fill in the blanks with the right idioms. Choose from the above given idioms.
a) The Sherpas are cheerful, gallant men, who wait for the dust to settle tents, oxygen, food etc., for climbers during their ascent of the summit.
b) The team do the math carefully so as to reach the summit successfully.
c) When they had to climb through deep new snow the party sometimes had to fetch and carry.
d) Each member of the team had all their get / have all your ducks in a row.
e) We could not believe that with a few more whacks of the ice axe in the firm snow we were round the comer to the top to the top.
iii) Understand the meaning of the given idiomatic expression and choose the right one to complete the sentence.
the icing on the cake – something extra and not essential, but is added to make it even better
break the ice – to make people more relaxed, especially at the beginning of the meeting
a) The conference room was silent though packed. The chairman introduced an interactive session to break the ice.
b) Our headmistress not only promised us to take us for an excursion, but also announced that on return we would get a holiday. It was like the icing on the cake.
i) Given below are the phrasal verbs with their meanings. Use the given phrasal verbs in sentences of your own.
turn on - to open
I pushed the button to turn on
took over - take lead
I took over the business
from my father.
set off - start a journey
They set off before dawn.
put off - postpone
The match was put off due
ii) Given below are some Phrasal Verbs which are frequently used in connection with travelling. Guess the meaning and match.
see off - start off / to begin a journey - to go to station or airport to say good bye to someone
stop over - to go to station or airport to say good bye to someone - to stay at a place for a short period of time when travelling to another destination
set off - to stay at a place for a short period of time when travelling to another destination - start off 7 to begin a journey
get in - leave a bus, train etc., - arrive inside train, bus etc.
get off - to go away from home for a vacation - leave a bus, train etc.,
get on - arrive inside train, bus etc. - enter a bus, train, plane.
get away - enter a bus, train, plane. - to go away from home for a vacation
check in - pay the bill when leaving a hotel - arrive and register at airport or hotel
check out - arrive and register at airport or hotel - pay the bill when leaving a hotel
Let us learn a few more with their meaning.
ice-berg - an extremely large mass of ice floating in the sea
ice-cap - a layer of ice permanently covering parts of the earth, especially around North and South Poles
ice-floe - a large area of ice floating in the sea
ice-sheet - a layer of ice that covers a large area of land for a long period of time
ice-rink - specially prepared flat surface of ice, where you can ice-skate;
Words belonging to different semantic fields.
Machinery, Sports, Transportation, Geography, Weather, Travel
snow-board -- Sports
snow-mobile -- Transportation
snow-chains -- Machinery
snow-storm -- Weather
snow-bird -- Travel
snow-belt -- Geography