a) Go through the lesson and spot the words which mean the same as the following.
1. profession (para 1) - career
2. sorrowful (para 2) - gloomy
3. decency (para 5) - nobility
4. destiny (para 6) - fate
5. hijacked (para 8) - commandeered
6. motivation (para 9) - encouragement
7. serious (para 10) - severe
8. significant (para 13) - important
b) Go through the lesson and spot the words opposite to the meaning of the following.
1. rare (para 1) - unlikely
2. primitive (para 6) - afterwords
3. fiction (para 7) - fact
4. fearful (para 8) - intrepid
5. benign (para 11) - malignant
6. diffidence (para 11) - confidence/ hope
7. boredom (para 12) - amusement
8. criticize (para 13) - appreciate
c) Frame illustrative sentences to distinguish the meaning of the words in the following clusters.
1. career – carrier – courier
I never do corruption in my career.
The carrier is anned with nuclear
I want to send a letter by a private courier.
2. patients – patience – patents
The patients need the drugs.
We appreciate your patience.
Once inventors are granted their patents,
they have to produce, sell, use their product.
3. accident – incident – incidence
He met with an accident yesterday
This incident happened four years
The entire incidence falls on the
4. scraping – scrapping – scrubbing
Someone is scraping the car with a
They weren’t scrapping their
My mother is scrubbing the vessels
5. accept – except – expect
This shop accepts credit cards.
He can understand all subjects except
I expected 100 marks in maths.
6. lesson – lessen – lesion
Learn a lesson from your predecessor.
The aspirin helped to lessen my
My grandfather has a lesion on his
7. raise – rise– rice
We need to raise our voice against
The sun rises in the east.
The cost of rice is Rs 60 per kg.
8. quiet – quite – quit
They are always quiet.
At the time of examination, I was quite
I don’t know why he quit his job.
9. final – finale – feline
India won the hockey world cup match final
All the dancers come on stage during the grand finale.
The felines have their fangs bared.
10. severe – sever – sewer
She is suffering from severe head
His finger was severed from his
hand in the accident.
Her house was not directly connected to the sewer.
d) Fill in the blanks with the words given in brackets.
[profound, amusement, confidence, agony, solace, intrepid, disfigured, perforated]
1. Theatrical plays were a main source of amusement before the advent of television.
2. The intrepid warriors of the Spartan Army marched into battle against a powerful enemy.
3. The agony of parents finally came to an end when their lost child was found with the help of police.
4. Social media has brought about a profound impact on the lives of millennials.
5. The tyres of the car got disfigured when the vehicle rolled over the rusted nails scattered on the road.
6. Thomas Alva Edison did not lose his confidence, even after facing a series of experimental failures in his quest to discover tungsten.
7. Many victims of the pipeline explosion in an oil refinery were left permanently perforated.
8. The old lady found solace in the company of the children in the neighbourhood.
e) Form a phrase with each of the following pairs of nouns given below.
Here is an example from the lesson: fibre + tissue – fibrous tissue
1. muscle + pain - muscular pain
2. skeleton + system - skeletal system
3. nerve + disorder - nervous disorder
4. digestion + enzymes - digestive enzymes
5. surgery + instruments - surgical instruments
6. agony + experience - agonistic experience
7. glory + victory - glorious victory
8. fancy + idea - fantastic idea
9. emotion + song - emotional song
10. sense + issue - sensitive issue
f) Fill the empty boxes with suitable words under each word class.
g) Spot the errors in the following sentences and rewrite them correctly.
1. My grandfather is well-known in the village for his nobel deeds. (noble)
2. I had my evening meals in a restaurant near my office. (meal)
3. The Boss had full confidence on his Manager for successful completion of the project. (in)
4. After the complicated surgery, the patient hoped of complete recovery. (on)
5. The new health care scheme announced by the Government will bring relief to the children suffering with acute tuberculosis. (would)
6. In spite of his poverty and setbacks, he was able to launch his dream carrier. (career)