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Chapter: Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing : Congenital Anomalies of the Female Genital Organs

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Uterine Abnormalities

Are manifested in variety of forms, but four simplified types are generally recognized.

Uterine Abnormalities

 

Are manifested in variety of forms, but four simplified types are generally recognized.

 

The septate uterus:- appears normal from the exterior, but it contains a septum that extends partially or completely from the fundus to the cervix, dividing the uterine cavity in to two compartments.

 

The bicornuate uterus is roughly Y-shaped. The fundus is notched to various depths, and the patient may even appear to have a “double uterus”; however, there is only one cervix.

 

A true double uterus results from a lack of mid line fusion and two complete uterne, each with its own cervix, are formed. When both are fully formed, this is normally referred to as uterus didelphys. Occasionally, one of the uteri will not fully form, remaining as a rudimentary organ with out a cervix or a uterine cavity.

A single remiuterus results when one mullerian duct fails to develop during embryonic growth, resulting in one uterine cavity and one oviduct.

 



 Figure 18. Common congenital Abnormalities of genital organs


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