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Accountancy - Transaction and its type | 11th Accountancy : Books of Prime Entry

Chapter: 11th Accountancy : Books of Prime Entry

Transaction and its type

Transaction can be classified into cash transaction, bank transaction and credit transaction.

Transaction

Transaction involves transfer of money or money’s worth (goods or services or ideas) from one person to another. Transaction can be classified into cash transaction, bank transaction and credit transaction.


(a) Cash transaction

When immediate cash is involved in a transaction, it is called cash transaction. For example, goods are sold for cash Rs. 5,000. In this case, cash Rs. 5,000 comes into the business and goods worth Rs. 5,000 go out of the business.


(b) Bank transaction

In a transaction, if bank is involved, it is a bank transaction. Bank transaction includes the following:

i.            Cash deposited into the bank

 

ii.            Income of the business directly received by the bank

 

iii.            Receipts through Cash Deposit Machine (CDM)

 

iv.            Payment made by the customers of the business through debit card, credit card, net banking, National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT), Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), etc.

 

v.            Cash withdrawn from the bank

 

vi.            Bank charges levied by the bank

 

vii.            Payments made by the bank as per standing instructions

 

viii.            Payments made by cheque

 

ix.            Payments made by the business through debit card, credit card, net banking, NEFT and RTGS


(c) Credit transaction

When settlement is not made by cash or through bank immediately in a transaction, it is called credit transaction. But, the amount is to be settled within a specified period. For example, purchase of goods on credit for Rs. 3,000. In this case, goods worth Rs. 3,000 come into the business and a liability of creditors worth Rs. 3,000 arises.

 

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