Home | | Object Oriented Programming | | The Complete Reference Java | | Internet Programming | | Web Programming | The transient and volatile Modifiers - Java

Chapter: Java The Complete Reference - The Java Language - I/O, Applets, and Other Topics

Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail

The transient and volatile Modifiers - Java

Java defines two interesting type modifiers: transient and volatile. These modifiers are used to handle somewhat specialized situations.

The transient and volatile Modifiers

 

Java defines two interesting type modifiers: transient and volatile. These modifiers are used to handle somewhat specialized situations.

When an instance variable is declared as transient, then its value need not persist when an object is stored. For example:

 

class T {

 

transient int a; // will not persist

int b; // will persist

 

}

 

Here, if an object of type T is written to a persistent storage area, the contents of a would not be saved, but the contents of b would.

The volatile modifier tells the compiler that the variable modified by volatile can be changed unexpectedly by other parts of your program. One of these situations involves multithreaded programs. In a multithreaded program, sometimes two or more threads share the same variable. For efficiency considerations, each thread can keep its own, private copy of such a shared variable. The real (or master) copy of the variable is updated at various times, such as when a synchronized method is entered. While this approach works fine, it may be inefficient at times. In some cases, all that really matters is that the master copy of a variable always reflects its current state. To ensure this, simply specify the variable as volatile, which tells the compiler that it must always use the master copy of a volatile variable (or, at least, always keep any private copies up-to-date with the master copy, and vice versa). Also, accesses to the master variable must be executed in the precise order in which they are executed on any private copy.


Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


Copyright © 2018-2020 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.