moist x b) arid
frivolous x a) serious
omitted x d) included
protest x c) accept
serenity x b) anxiety
scattered x c) gathered
monotonous x a) interesting
Reeta hurried along the road, dressed in her spotless new dress towards the bus stop. Before sunset, she had to reach the house of her grandmother. But the first half-hour of her travel was slow due to traffic jam. Her homecoming would be regarded with joy. She was overstraining herself to reach the place. When she finally stepped into the courtyard, she was received with a big hug by her kind aunt. She was in time to join the gentlefolk at the village, for a singsong.
singsong overstraining spotless
gentlefolk grandmother courtyard
sunset half-hour homecoming
c. Match the words in Column A with their pairs in Column B to form compound words and write them in Column C
i. the thought was almost revolting
ii. an expanse of pure white serenity
iii. a turning point
iv. accepted her seclusion with resignation
v. frivolous rebukes
“Her silver locks were scattered untidily over her pale, puckered face, and her lips constantly moved in inaudible prayer.”
In the above sentence, the word ‘inaudible’ is formed by adding the prefix in- to the root/base word ‘audible’.
A prefix is a letter or a group of letters which is added to the beginning of a root word in order to modify it. Usually, the new word formed is the opposite of the given word.
In the above sentence, we also come across the word ‘constantly’. Here the suffix –ly is added to the root word ‘constant’.
A suffix is a letter or a group of letters added to the end of a root word. By adding suffixes, the grammatical function of the word changes.
Words that are derived or formed from the base word by adding prefixes and suffixes are called derivatives.
e.g. honest- dishonest, honesty
e.g. honest – dishonest, honesty
manage - management, manager
differ - different, difference
beauty - beautiful, beautician
peace - peaceful, peacefully
arrange - arrangement, disarrange
collect - collection, collector
approve - unapproved, approval
narrate - narrative, narration
class - classic, classify
manage differ beauty
peace arrange collect
approve narrate class
i) brake / break
a. We have a short break between the sessions.
b. The car skidded to a halt when I applied the brake.
a. Shivani wears a belt around her waist.
b. We should never misuse or waste natural resources.
a. Oxygen is the principal element present in the earth’s crust.
b. Both these machines work on the same principle.
a. Turtles should be bred in a healthy environment.
b. I like to have toasted bread for breakfast.
a. This medicine will lessen your pain.
b. Finally, the manager learnt a lesson the hard way.
a. The child looks very sick and pale.
b. I need a pail of water to wash these cups.
a. Ravi picked the banana peel and threw it in the dustbin.
b. The soldiers had to pass through a dark tunnel.
a. The corpse was covered with a shroud.
b. A five-day annual training camp for the senior cadets of the National Cadet corps has been organised.