Oppressive taxation measures of Britain and the
resistance of colonists leading to the outbreak of American War of Independence
The course and outcome of the War along with the
significance of Revolution are assessed.
The woeful conditions of peasantry, the financial
bankruptcy of the French government, and the revolutionary ideas articulated by
the intellectuals of the time leading to the French Revolution of 1789 are
The formation of National Assembly and its
Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen are detailed.
The execution of the French king and the abolition
of monarchy, and the work done by the National Convention dominated by the
Jacobins are elaborated.
Revolution in the French-controlled Saint-Domingue
followed by revolutions in other Latin American countries like Venezuela,
Columbia, Mexico and Brazil are highlighted.
The essential features and causes of Industrial
Revolution of England, the machines invented and the use of steam
revolutionising cotton, and iron industries and transport and communication
systems are dealt with.
The Second Industrial Revolution in Western Europe,
notably in Germany, and in the US is explored.
Impact of Industrial Revolution and the incidence
of state violence on organised working class movement in England and America