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Summary - Impact of World War I on Indian Freedom Movement
The events that took place in the first two decades of the twentieth century including the outbreak of the First World War had a major impact on Indian nationalist politics.
The political vacuum created as a result of the split in the Congress paved the way for the rise of Home Rule League by Annie Besant.
The Home Rule Movement of both Tilak and Besant demanded self-governing status for India.
The War provided an opportunity for the Congress and the Muslim League to come together and sign the famous Lucknow Pact, resulting in Hindu–Muslim unity.
During the War the British passed many repressive acts aimed at curbing any activity towards India’s freedom from the British rule.
While the crushing defeat of Turkey and the humiliating peace treaty imposed on it led to Khilafat Movement, the Russian Revolution paved the way for the rise of Trade Union Movement in India.
The First World War indirectly prepared the ground for the launch of new form of protest under the leadership of Gandhi.
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