Provisions of the Lucknow Pact
i) Provinces should be freed as much as possible
from Central control in administration and finance.
ii) Four-fifths of the Central and Provincial
Legislative Councils should be elected, and one-fifth nominated.
iii) Four-fifths of the provincial and central
legislatures were to be elected on as broad a franchise as possible.
iv) Half the executive council members, including
those of the central executive council were to be Indians elected by the
v) The Congress also agreed to separate electorates
for Muslims in provincial council elections and for preferences in their favour
(beyond the proportions indicated by population) in all provinces except the
Punjab and Bengal, where some ground was given to the Hindu and Sikh
minorities. This pact paved the way for Hindu–Muslim cooperation in the
Khilafat Movement and Gandhi’s Non–Cooperation Movement.
Governments, Central and Provincial, should be bound to act in accordance with
resolutions passed by their Legislative Councils unless they were vetoed by the
Governor-General or Governors–in– Council and, in that event, if the resolution
was passed again after an interval of not less than one year, it should be put
vii) The relations of the Secretary of State with
the Government of India should be similar to those of the Colonial Secretary
with the Governments of the Dominions, and India should have an equal status
with that of the Dominions in any body concerned with imperial affairs.
Lucknow Pact paved the way for Hindu-Muslim Unity. Sarojini Ammaiyar called
Jinnah, the chief architect of the Lucknow Pact, “the Ambassador of
Lucknow Pact proved that the educated class both from the Congress and the
League could work together with a common goal. This unity reached its climax
during the Khilafat and the Non-Cooperation Movements.