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STATIC SYNCHRONOUS COMPENSATOR (STATCOM)
Ø The STATCOM (or SSC) is a shunt-connected reactive-power compensation device that is capable of generating and/ or absorbing reactive power and in which the output can be varied to control the specific parameters of an electric power system.
Ø It is in general a solid-state switching converter capable of generating or absorbing independently controllable real and reactive power at its output terminals when it is fed from an energy source or energy-storage device at its input terminals.
Ø Specifically, the STATCOM considered is a voltage-source converter that, from a given input of dc voltage, produces a set of 3-phase ac-output voltages, each in phase with and coupled to the corresponding ac system voltage through a relatively small reactance (which is provided by either an interface reactor or the leakage inductance of a coupling
Ø The dc voltage is provided by an energy-storage capacitor and a STATCOM can improve power-system performance in such areas as the following:
1. The dynamic voltage control in transmission and distribution systems;
2. The power-oscillation damping in power-transmission systems;
3. The transient stability;
4. The voltage flicker control; and
5. The control of not only reactive power but also (if needed) active power in the connected line, requiring a dc energy source.
Advantages of STATCOM
1. It occupies a small footprint, for it replaces passive banks of circuit elements by compact electronic converters;
2. It offers modular, factory-built equipment, thereby reducing site work and commissioning time; and
3. It uses encapsulated electronic converters, thereby minimizing its environmental impact.
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