State Legislature: Structure, Powers and Functions
The state is the second stratum of the federal
structure of the Constitution. The provisions for the governance of all the
state is dealt in the Part VI of the Constitution except Jammu & Kashmir
because it has separate Constitution for its state government. The articles
from 152 to 237 deals thoroughly on the subjects of the state legislature. The
state legislature which has only Legislative Assembly as House of People is
called as Unicameral. Most of the powers and functions are shared by the state
legislature is almost like the same as the Union legislature. In a Bicameral
system of legislature, the state legislature consists of the Legislative
Assembly and Legislative Council.
There shall be a Governor as the Constitutional
Head of the State executive, and executive power of the state vested with the
Governor and all executive actions of the state has to be taken in the name of the
Governor. The Governor of the State shall be appointed by the President. The
Governor is appointed for a term of five years or can hold the office during
the pleasure of the President or until his successor enters upon his office.
The eligibility of appointment of the Governor is that he/she must be the
citizen of India, shall not hold any office of the profit and should have
completed thirty five years of age. The Governor can be appointed more than
once and can hold office for more than one state two states in an exigency or
as a transitional arrangement.