Short circuit ratio
It is defined as the ratio of field current required to produce rated voltage on open circuit to the field current reqd. to circulate rated current on short circuit.
The Fig shows open Circuit and short Circuit characteristics of an alternator.
According to definition,
Effect of SCR on Machine performance
1. Voltage regulation
3. Parallel operation
4. Short circuit Current
5. Cost and size of the machine
SCR = 1/ Xs, as SCR↑ Xs ↓ IXs ↑ V ↓ Psync ↓
as SCR ↓ Xs ↑ Zs ↑ Isc ↓ and hence cost of control equipment reduces
Size and cost of the machine as SCR Xs Zs Isc and hence cost of control equipment reduces
For salient pole machines SCR value varies from 0.9 to 1.3
For turbo alternators SCR value varies from 0.7 to 1.1