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Armature windings are rotating-field windings, into which the rotating-field-induced voltage required in energy conversion is induced. According to IEC 60050-411, the armature winding is a winding in a synchronous machine, which, in service, receives active power from or delivers active power to the external electrical system. This definition also applies to a synchronous compensator if the term ‘active power’ is replaced by ‘reactive power’. The air-gap flux component caused by the armature current linkage is called the armature reaction.
An armature winding determined under these conditions can transmit power between an electrical network and a mechanical system. Magnetizing windings create a magnetic field required in the energy conversion. All machines do not include a separate magnetizing winding; for instance, in asynchronous machines, the stator winding both magnetizes the machine and acts as a winding, where the operating voltage is induced. The stator winding of an asynchronous machine is similar to the armature of a synchronous machine; however, it is not defined as an armature in the IEC standard. In this material, the asynchronous machine stator is therefore referred to as a rotating-field stator winding, not an armature winding. Voltages are also induced in the rotor of an asynchronous machine, and currents that are significant in torque production are created. However, the rotor itself takes only a rotor’s dissipation power (I2R) from the air-gap power of the machine, this power being proportional to the slip;
1. Number of Slots
2. Turns per phase
3. Single turn bar windings
6. Mean length
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