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# Separation of D and L - Design of Synchronous Machines

To separate suitable relations are assumed between D and L depending upon the type of the generator.

Separation of D and L: Inner diameter and gross length of the stator can be calculated from D2L product obtained from the output equation. To separate suitable relations are assumed between D and L depending upon the type of the generator.

Salient pole machines: In case of salient pole machines either round or rectangular pole construction is employed. In these types of machines the diameter of the machine will be quite larger than the axial length.

Round Poles: The ratio of pole arc to pole pitch may be assumed varying between 0.6 to 0.7 and pole arc may be taken as approximately equal to axial length of the stator core. Hence

Axial length of the core/ pole pitch = L/τp = 0.6 to 0.7

Rectangular poles: The ratio of axial length to pole pitch may be assumed varying between 0.8 to 3 and a suitable value may be assumed based on the design specifications.

Axial length of the core/ pole pitch = L/τp = 0.8 to 3

Using the above relations D and L can be separated. However once these values are obtained diameter of the machine must satisfy the limiting value of peripheral speed so that the rotor can withstand centrifugal forces produced. Limiting values of peripheral speeds are as follows:

Bolted pole construction = 45 m/s Dove tail pole construction = 75 m/s Normal design = 30 m/s

Turbo alternators: These alternators will have larger speed of the order of 3000 rpm. Hence the diameter of the machine will be smaller than the axial length. As such the diameter of the rotor is limited from the consideration of permissible peripheral speed limit. Hence the internal diameter of the stator is normally calculated based on peripheral speed. The peripheral speed in case of turbo alternators is much higher than the salient pole machines. Peripheral speed for these alternators must be below 175 m/s.

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