Requirements for Rural Development
Efforts need to be made to raise farm and non-farm
rural real incomes.
Investment in basic infra-structure and social
services need to be increased.
Coordinated and integrated programmes for solving
the present problems and to achieve sustainable developmentneed to be designed.
Persons and leaders with an understanding of
reality of rural problems and with the required foresight vision should be
consulted while designing development programmes.
Slater Villages: Gilbert Slater, the first professor of
economics at Madras University, published his book, Some South Indian Villages,
in 1918 following a survey of some villages like Vadamalaipuram (Ramnad), Gangaikondan
(Tirunelveli), Palakkuurichi (Tanjore) and Dusi (North Arcot) in Tamil Nadu by
his students. It was subsequently done by different groups of researchers in
the 1930s, 1950s, 1960s, and two of the villages only in the early 21st
century. The resurveys became an important historical record. They provided a
baseline for several later revisits to his villages, and have inspired many
successors. Much of our knowledge of rural change depends on these studies.