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Chapter: 5th Social Science : Term 3 Unit 2 : Agriculture

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5th Social Science : Term 3 Unit 2 : Agriculture : Text Book Back Exercises Questions with Answers, Solution, Evaluation

Agriculture ( Term 3 Chapter 2 | 5th Social Science )



I. Choose the correct answer.


1. __________ is the cultivation of crops.

a) Irrigation

b) Agriculture

c) Excavation

Answer: b) Agriculture


2. A __________ is a person who is engaged in agriculture.

a) doctor

b) teacher

c) farmer

Answer: c) farmer


3. __________ farming refers to the raising of animals along with the crops.

a) Commercial

b) Mixed

c) Extensive

d) Subsistence

Answer: b) Mixed


4. __________ monitors the level and nature of ground water.

a) Central Ground Water Board

b) Metro Water Board

c) Sewage Water Board

Answer: a) Central Ground Water Board


5. __________ is the largest cotton producing district in Tamil Nadu.

a) Coimbatore

b) Chennai

c) Cuddalore

Answer: a) Coimbatore


II. Match the following.

1. Plantation farming -rearing of animals

2. Mixed farming -oldest method

3. Commercial farming -single cash crop

4. Well irrigation -for family consumption

5. Subsistence farming -for trade


1. Plantation farming - single cash crop

2. Mixed farming - rearing of animals

3. Commercial farming - for trade

4. Well irrigation - oldest method

5. Subsistence farming - for family consumption


III. True or False.

1. Rice is the leading food crop in Tamil Nadu.           (True )

2. Tamil Nadu has two soil types.                               (False )

3. Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system. (True )

4. Jackfruit is an example of plantation crop.                     (True )

5. Mango is the leading fruit crop of Tamil Nadu.           (True )


IV. Answer the following.

1. What is agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of preparing the soil for cultivation, growing crops and raising livestock.

2. Write about farmers.

A farmer is a person who cultivates crops and rears animals (poultry and other livestock). India is land of farmers. It is called so because majority of Indians are directly or indirectly involved in agriculture activities. Agriculture is the backbone of our Economy.

3. Name the different types of farming.

There are several types of farming

(i) Subsistence farming

(ii) Commercial farming

(iii) Plantation farming

(iv) Mixed farming

4. What is well irrigation?

Drawing water directly from the well and supplying it to the crops is called well inigation. Motor pumpsets are used for this purpose. Well irrigation has been practised in Tamil Nadu for many generations. It is a less expensive type of irrigation.

5. Give a short note on the Central Ground Water Board.

Ground Water Board (CGWB) monitors the level and nature of ground water.


V. Answer in detail.

1. Write about mixed and plantation farming.

Plantation Farming is done in an estate where a single cash crop is cultivated on a large scale. Examples : Tea, Coffee and Rubber.

Mixed Farming : Mixed Farming refers to the rearing of animals along with the cultivation. This type of farming is economical.

2. Explain any two types of irrigation.

1. Drip Irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that saves water and soil nutrients. In this system water drips slowly into the roots of plants through pipes. Pipes can be either above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The water directly reaches the roots and minimises evaporation.

2. Sprinkler Irrigation: Sprinkler irrigation is similar to natural rainfall. In this system water is sprayed through pipes in the air through sprinklers.

3. Write about the important crops of Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu has different types of soil, rainfall and weather across its districts. It is suitable for the production of fruits, vegetables, spices, plantation crops, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants. Horticulture is the fastest growing sector within agriculture in Tamil Nadu.

Paddy is grown in large areas because rice is the main staple food of the state.

The principal food crops are rice, maize. Jowar (cholam), bajra (kambu), ragi and pulses (bengalgram, redgram, greengram blackgram and horsegram).

The cash crops include cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds, coffee, tea, rubber, coconut, gingelly and chillies.

Mango and Banana are the leading fruit crops of Tamil Nadu.

The main flowers grown in Tamil Nadu are Jasmine, Chrysanthemum, Marigold and Rose.





* Collect some varieties of grains like rice, maize, jowar, bajra, ragi and pulses.

* Put them in separate packets.

* Staple / Stick all the packets on a chart and name them.


Let us do

Help the farmer to reach his filed.


Let us write

(Tractor, Winnower, Farmer)

Find out the following.

1. One who produces food for us. Farmer

2. It is used for ploughing. Tractor

3. It is used for separating grain from hay. Winnower


Which State is known as the Rice bowl of India?

Answer: Andhra Pradesh is known as the Rice bowl of India.

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