Students will be able to:
* describe the importance of Education.
* explain the various educational schemes.
* list the features of Right To Education.
Education is important for people as well as the nation. Education is the first step for a child‛s development. Education improves knowledge, skills, values and the quality of one‛s life. It also helps in overall development of a country.
Importance of Education
Education doesn‛t mean that one should be literate. It is more than literacy. Education helps to
* analyse the reason.
* build skills to live.
* know what is right and wrong.
* lead a moral life.
“Literacy in itself is no education. Literacy is not the end of education.”
“Real education consists in drawing the best out of yourself.”
Education helps in broadening one‛s mind. It removes superstitious beliefs. Education helps in increasing awareness of surroundings, social and political issues. It develops wisdom.
LET US KNOW
Swami Vivekananda is best known for his speech which began with the words
“Sisters and brothers of America.”
“Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man.”
LET US KNOW
Gurukulam is the system of education that was practised in ancient India. Guru (teacher) and the Shishya (student) lived in Ashram.
Every child has right to have free and compulsory education. The Right to Education Act (RTE) specifies different responsibilities to the local authorities and government to ensure free and compulsory education.
Right to Education Act (2009) describes the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 to 14 years of age.
Education should be affordable to the common people. There should be no discrimination in education. It should be based on need of the child and mould the child‛s thoughts. The child should be at the centre of an education system.
Let us do
Solve the Puzzles.
1. I am white when I am dirty and black when I am clean. Who am I?
2 I am tall when I am young and I am short when I am old. Who am I?
3 I am wet when I am drying. Who am I?
4 I have a neck but no head. Who am I?
The legislative section is divided into three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Education comes under Concurrent list.
Important features of RTE
* Until the completion of elementary education, no student is stopped from school.
* Twenty-five percent reservation is given to the economically Underprivileged people in all private schools.
* Improvement in the quality of education.
* School infrastructure should be improved every three years.
* Finances will be shared between the state and the central government.
National Education Policy (NEP)
In 2019, the Government of India has framed the National Education Policy (NEP) to promote education among the people of India. The NPE covers all educational systems from primary to college level.
LET US KNOW
The first National Education Policy wasimplemented in 1968 followed by the second one in 1986.
Child labour is not allowed in our country. All children are entitled to have free and compulsory education.
The most important milestone in education is the free mid-day meal programme which was implemented by the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, K.Kamaraj.
Indian educational system is mainly divided into four stages. They are:
* Lower primary
* Upper primary
* Higher secondary
The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), the Right to Education Act (RTE) Act have improved the educational performance.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) (Education for All) was launched in the year 2001.
Objectives of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
* Increasing the enrolment in primary schools
* Getting access to the free and compulsory education for children up to age 14.
* Improving the quality of education.
Samagra Shiksha subsumes the three erstwhile Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksya Abhiyan (RMSA) was launched in 2009.
The aim of this programme
* Raising the minimum level of education to class X.
Later in 2018, the government of India wanted to provide a single scheme for school education starting from pre-school to Class XII. This scheme is known as Samagra Shiksha (SS).
Objectives of Samagra Shiksha
* Providing quality education and improving learning outcomes of students.
* Supporting all state governments in implementing RTE.
* Focusing on girl education.
* Focusing on digital education.
In the past two decades, India has achieved a maximum enrollment of students in schools.
LET US KNOW
Perunthalaivar K.Kamaraj‛s birth anniversary (15th of July) is celebrated as
Educational Development Day in recognition of his contribution to the development of education
1. Ensure : assure
2. Erstwhile : Former
3. Superstitions : Irrational religious belief
* Education is very important for every individual.
* Every child has the right to have free and compulsory education.
* Education should be affordable to common people.
* The Right to Education Act (2009) describes the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the 6 to 14 years of age.
* Samagra Shiksha Scheme improves the quality of education and the learning of students.