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5th Social Science : Term 1 Unit 2 : Towards History
I. Choose the best answer.
1. Palaeolithic humans,
a) Wore cotton clothes
b) Wore woolen clothes
c) Wore leaves and skin of animals
Answer: c) Wore leaves and skin of animals
2 .--------------- was the first pet animal of man.
Answer: c) Dog
3. What was the first metal discovered by early human?
Answer: b) Copper
II. Fill in the blanks
1. Early man lived in caves.
2. The Stone Age is the period in which Stones were used as weapons.
3. Flint stone was used to produce fire.
4. Wheel is the first scientific invention of man.
5. At the end of New Stone Age, copper was invented.
III. Answer in detail.
1. What is Stone Age?
The stone age is the period in which Stones were used as weapons.
2. Write a short note on Nomadic Life.
Early humans did not know how to grow crops. They wandered in all the landscapes in search of food. They ate whatever they got and drank water from natural sources. This kind of life was called nomadic life. They wore skins of animals, leaves and barks of trees to cover their body. They lived in caves and holes of big trees.
3. Define Neolithic age.
Stones were sharpened as tool by them. They made it with the help of other stones. These sharp tools helped to hunt animals and tear the flesh of animals. They used bones, horns, stones, skin, branches of trees and sticks as their tools and weapons. This stage of development in history was called New stone age or Neolithic age.
4. Write a short note on Pottery.
Pottery was also one of the greatest inventions by humans. The baked pot was strong and looked beautiful. Stone Age people made all the household artefacts by themselves.
5. Name some Archaeological sites in Tamil Nadu.
In Tamilnadu, Athichanallur, Arikkamedu and Keeladi are some archaeological sites.
IV. Answer in detail.
1. How can we classify the Stone Age?
We can classify Stone Age as Palaeolithic age, Mesolithic age and Neolithic age. Early humans lived in jungles along with animals. They used the stone tools to protect themselves, drive away animals, dig out roots, shoots etc. This period before 10,000 B.C is called Paleolithic Age, Between 10,000 to 4,000 B.C stones were sharpened as tool by them. They made it with the help of other stones. These sharp tools helped to hunt animals and tear the flesh of animals. They used bones, horns, stones, skin, branches of trees and sticks as their tools and weapons. This stage of development in history was called New Stone Age or Neolithic age.
2. Write about Chalcolithic Age and Iron Age.
Chalcolithic Age : At the end of New Stone Age copper was invented. In this age both stone and copper were used. This period was called Chalcolithic Age. Bronze was produced when copper, zinc and tin were mixed together. The period when people made tools from bronze was called Bronze Age.
Iron Age : After this, humans discovered iron and started using iron tools and weapons. This age was called Iron Age. In this age household articles and agricultural tools were made up of iron.
• What was the food eaten by early humans?
• roots • shoots • flesh • foodgrains
• Why did early humans live in the caves?
The early humans led a nomadic life. They did not know how to build houses. So they lived in caves.
•Why did they eat raw flesh?
In the beginning, the early humans did not know the use of fire. They did not know cooking. So they ate raw flesh.
They drew paintings of what they saw around them on the walls of the caves where they lived. Distinguish between
Tell the names of some iron tools found at your home.
• Sickle, Spade, Crow bar, Hoe, Pickaxe, Axe, Saw, Knife, Hammer.
Find the age of period
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