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# Pinhole Camera

Pin hole camera is a simple device which helps us to understand about the rectilinear propagation of light.

Pinhole Camera

Pin hole camera is a simple device which helps us to understand about the rectilinear propagation of light.

The above picture shows a model of a pin hole camera. O is small hole by a pin. XY is the object and Y'X' is the image of XY. As light travels in straight line, one light ray from X travels along the XO strikes the screen X'.

ACTIVITY 2

Requirement : Two rectangular pieces of thick paper, carbon paper, a semi-transparent paper, adhesive

Procedure : Make two tubes using thick paper as shown in figure. One tube should be slightly smaller in diameter so that it can slide into the other tube without leaving much gap between the tubes. Fix a carbon paper to one side of the tube of greater diameter. Make a hole with a pin at the center of the carbon. Close one end of the second tube with the butter paper. Slide the smaller tube into the bigger one such a way that the butter paper is inside. Keep a lighted candle on a table and look through the hole with black side towards the candle. If you go closer to the candle, you will see a smaller, but brighter image. You can also change the image size by adjusting the tubes.

Use the pin­-hole camera to see things in sun light outside the window and see how good an image you get. What are your observations about the image? Is it straight, inverted, bright and sharp?

In similar way, another light ray staring from Y and travels along YO strikes the screen Y'. Similarly, all the rays in between X and Y fall on the screen between Y' and X'. Thus Y'X' becomes the image of XY. The image produced is temporary, if a simple paper is used. The image can be made permanent if the paper is replaced by a photographic plate.

Reflection

A mirror reflects our face. A still water body like a pond reflects the scenery around it. When we see our face in the mirror, we see the light rays from our face bouncing off the surface of the mirror. How the rays of the light are reflected?

Take a plane mirror. Cover it with black paper. Cut a small slit as shown in the figure. If you shine light on the mirror from a torch light or sunlight, you will get a small ray of light. We can use this to study the properties of light.

Before the advancement of camera, Pinhole camera was used to photograph movement of the sun over a long period of time. This type of photography is known as solography and also be used for observing and recording solar eclipses. And it was also used to take photograph of stationary objects.

Place a blank white sheet on a level ground out in the open. Choose a place where partly the sheet gets sunlight and partly it is in shadow. Hold the mirror with the slit facing the sun. You can see a straight ray of light reflected from the slit on the paper. Hold another mirror to reflect this ray. Observe well.

The light falling on the mirror is called as incident ray and the light reflected is called reflected ray.

Tags : Light | Term 3 Unit 1 | 7th Science , 7th Science : Term 3 Unit 1 : Light
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7th Science : Term 3 Unit 1 : Light : Pinhole Camera | Light | Term 3 Unit 1 | 7th Science