Physiology (fiz-ē-ol′ō-jē; the study of nature) is the
scientific dis-cipline that deals with the processes or functions of living
things. It is important in physiology to recognize structures as dynamic rather
than fixed and unchanging. The major goals of physiology are (1) to understand
and predict the body’s responses to stimuli and (2) to understand how the body
maintains conditions within a narrow range of values in the presence of
continually changing internal and external environments. Human physiology is the study of a specific organism, the human,
whereas cellular physiology and systemic physiology are subdivisions
that emphasize specific organizational levels.
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