The food synthesised by the leaves are transported by the phloem either to the area of requirement or stored. Phloem tissue is composed of sieve tubes which have sieve plates. Cytoplasmic strands pass through the pores in the sieve plates.
Phloem transports food (sucrose) from a source to a sink. The source is part of the plant that synthesize food, i.e., the leaf, and sink, is the part that needs or stores the food. But, the source and sink may be reversed depending on the season, or the plant’s need.
Since the source-sink relationship is variable, the direction of movement in the phloem can be upwards or downwards, i.e., bidirectional. In contrast, the movement is always unidirectional in xylem i.e., upwards.