· Learning difficulty categorized as
mild, moderate, severe, or profound.
Cognitive function can be assessed
by an IQ (intelligence quotient) test (Table 15.2), but it may be difficult to
assess all skill areas, especially in preschool age group—assessment can be
significantly affected by language problems and motor skills.
Mild learning disability may only
be detected once a child is in school. A child with moderate learning
difficulty will need significant support in their education. One with severe
difficulties will learn basic personal care and develop simple speech, but will
always need supervision. A child with profound difficulty is unlikely to develop
speech and will always be dependent.