Chapter: Automation, Production Systems, and Computer Integrated Manufacturing - Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing

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Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing

Lean production can be traced to the 19605 in Japan, when Toyota Motors started innovating changes in mass production to deal with its domestic automotive market.


27. Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing

 

 

 

CHAPTER CONTENTS

 

Lean Production

 

 Agile Manufacturing

 Market Forces and Agility

 Reorganizing the Production System for Agility

 Managing Relationships for Agility

 Agility Versus Mass Production

 

 Comparison of Lean and Agile

 

Two new systems of doing business in manufacturing have evolved in recent decades: lean production and agile manufacturing. One might argue that these new systems represent paradigm shifts from mass production. Lean production can be traced to the 19605 in Japan, when Toyota Motors started innovating changes in mass production to deal with its domestic automotive market. The term "lean production" was coined around 1989 with the popularity of the book, The Machine that Changed the World, written by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Agile manufacturing originated from a research study at Lehigh University in the early 1990s.This study attempted to peer into the future to answer the question: What things would successful manufacturing companies be doing in 15 years? What they discovered was that successful companies were already doing these things.

 

We identify lean and agile as "new systems of doing business." They have their ori· gins in manufacturing. However, as we shall see in the present chapter, lean and agile prin



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