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Depression - This section describes the various types of depression, including major depresion, dysthymic disorder, non-specific depression, adjustment disorder with depression and bi-polar depression.
Anxiety Disorders -Different anxiety problems are reviewed including panic disorder, post traumatic stress, social anxiety, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and specific phobias.
Schizophrenia - Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. Here, you will find information about the causes and treatment of schizophrenia, including information about new medications being developed to combat this illness.
Childhood Disorders - Childhood psychological problems related to behavioral control problems, including ADHD, conduct disturbance, and oppositional behavior are discussed. Separation anxiety, a common problem in young children, is also reviewed in this section.
Impulse Control Disorders - Psychological problems involving loss of control are described in this section. Anger control problems are usually diagnosed as intermittent explosive disorder by psychologists, and there is a separate discussion of Domestic Violence problems. These problems are described in this section: Pathological gambling, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Domestic Violence, Kleptomania, Pyromania, Pathological Gambling, and Trichotillomania.
Personality Disorders - General characteristics of allpersonality disorders will be summarized, with more detailed information about obsessive compulsive, narcissistic and borderline personality disorders.
Adjustment Disorders - The general characteristics of adjustment disorders are explained, as well as presenting information about life stressors that lead to adjustment problems, such as marital conflict and job stress.
Family Problems - Sometimes family conflicts occur because one or more family members has a psychological disorder, such as those described above. However, family conflicts also arise because of communication problems, parenting issues, school problems and sibling conflict. These issues are described in this section.
Objectives of Counselling:
Ø Provide empathic atmosphere of genuine concern about his difficulties, tensions, worries, problems, etc., so that he can freely discuss and share his views with counselling.
Ø Increase his personal & interpersonal effectiveness by assisting him in analyzing has interpersonal competence.
Ø Gain an insight into the dynamics of his behavior by providing necessary feedback.
Ø There should not be any display of difference in status between the two.
Ø Prepare alternate action plans for improving his performance and behavior.
Advantages of Counselling (or) Importance of Counselling:
Ø Counselling is an effective way to help someone with their personal problems.
Ø It enables people to think for themselves and take right decisions.
Ø It is in tune with the changing attitudes towards authority.
Ø Counselling reduces absenteeism and labour turnover.
Ø Ability to learn from mistakes and experience.
Ø He should be a good listener and show genuine interest in solving the problem of the worker.
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