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Important Short Questions and Answers: Industrial Safety

Business Science - Industrial Relations and Labour Welfare - Industrial Safety - Important Short Questions and Answers: Industrial Safety



1.Define Accident and Industrial Injury?




According to Worker’s Compensation Act, 1923, ―An occurrence mishap or untoward event which is not expected or designed for and arising out of and in the course of employment of an industrial worker.‖


Industrial Injury:


According to Factories Act, 1948, ―A Personal Injury to an employee which has been caused by an accident or an occupational disease and which arises out of or in the course of employment and which could entitle such employee to compensation under


Workers Compensation Act, 1923.‖


2.  What are the methods for preventing industrial accidents?


The organization should have strong voluntary machinery for the prevention of accidents and should follow strictly the guidelines issued by the Government. The machinery for prevention of accident and can be studied under heads (a) voluntary machinery and (b) regulatory machinery.


3.What is Safety Committee?


Some organization primarily constitutes a safety committee.


Ø   This committee ensures the establishment of safe working conditions in an organization.


Ø   The size of the committee depends on the size of an organization and generally includes one or more persons from among the employees.


Ø   The workers suggestion of safety programmes, procedures to be adopted by the organization.


4.     What is Industrial Health?


The Joint I.L.O AND W.H.O committee on organizational health held in 1950 defined organizational health as


Ø   The promotion and maintenance of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations.


Ø   Preventing among workers of ill health caused by the working conditions.


Ø   Protection of workers in their employment from risk factors adverse to health.


Ø   Placing and maintenance of worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physical and psychological equipment.



5.     Write down some importance of Industrial Health?


Ø   As the large member of workers spend a great deal of their time in an organization, their environment is not usually conducive to a health life.


Ø   Malnutrition, insanity and psychological conditions and the stress and strain under which they work is very injurious to their health.


Ø   The symptoms of bad health are a high rate of absenteeism and turnover and indiscipline, poor performance and low productivity.


Ø   Industrial health programmes are very useful for reduction in the rate of labour turnover, absenteeism, accidents, lower performance and occupational diseases.


7. List out the Causes of Bad Health (or) Reasons for Bad Health?


The main causes of bad health are


8.    Write down some important


i.     Objectives of Industrial Hygiene?


ii.    Principles of Industrial Hygiene?

Objectives of Industrial Hygiene:

Protecting the labour working in all the occupations from diseases


1.Maintaining the highest standard of their physical, mental and social welfare


2.Protecting the workers from diseases and accidents caused by their working conditions and its ill effects on their health


3.Making adjustments between the work and the nature of individual


Principles of Industrial Hygiene:


Ø   Environmental health hazards in the work place can be measured quantitatively


Ø   Continuous surveillance


Ø   Occupational exposure limits be adhered to


Ø   The health effects of hazards in the workplace usually show a dose-response relationship .


9.     What are


i.     Occupational Hazards?


ii.    Occupational Diseases?


Occupational Hazards:


An industrial worker can be exposed in the following types of hazards, depending upon his occupation.


Occupational Diseases:


Occupational Diseases are the results of physical conditions and the presence of industrial poisonous and non-poisonous dust in the atmosphere. Raw material, products, by products, and waste products may enter the body to endanger the health of the workers.


10. What is Psychological Hazards?


Psychological Hazards may develop due to the workers inability to live in harmony with his environment, both at home and place of work.


*       Psychological Hazards are now assuming more important than physical or chemical hazard.


*       Psychological Hazards are lack of job satisfaction, emotional tension, sense of insecurity, fear, worry and anxiety.


11.           Define Employee Counselling?


According to British Association of Counselling define as ―The task of counselling is to give the client an opportunity to explore discover and clarity ways of living more resourcefully and towards greater well-being.‖


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