1.Define Accident and Industrial Injury?
According to Worker’s Compensation Act, 1923, ―An
occurrence mishap or untoward event which is not expected
or designed for and arising out of and in the course of employment of an
According to Factories Act, 1948, ―A
Personal Injury to an employee which
has been caused by an accident or an
occupational disease and which arises out of or in the course of employment and
which could entitle such employee to compensation under
Compensation Act, 1923.‖
2. What are the methods for preventing
organization should have strong voluntary machinery for the prevention of
accidents and should follow strictly the guidelines issued by the Government.
The machinery for prevention of accident and can be studied under heads (a)
voluntary machinery and (b) regulatory machinery.
3.What is Safety Committee?
organization primarily constitutes a safety committee.
committee ensures the establishment of safe working conditions in an
Ø The size
of the committee depends on the size of an organization and generally includes
one or more persons from among the employees.
workers suggestion of safety programmes, procedures to be adopted by the
I.L.O AND W.H.O committee on organizational health held in 1950 defined
organizational health as
promotion and maintenance of physical, mental and social well-being of workers
in all occupations.
among workers of ill health caused by the working conditions.
of workers in their employment from risk factors adverse to health.
and maintenance of worker in an occupational environment adapted to his
physical and psychological equipment.
down some importance of Industrial Health?
Ø As the
large member of workers spend a great deal of their time in an organization,
their environment is not usually conducive to a health life.
insanity and psychological conditions and the stress and strain under which
they work is very injurious to their health.
symptoms of bad health are a high rate of absenteeism and turnover and
indiscipline, poor performance and low productivity.
health programmes are very useful for reduction in the rate of labour turnover,
absenteeism, accidents, lower performance and occupational diseases.
7. List out the Causes of Bad Health (or) Reasons
for Bad Health?
causes of bad health are
down some important
of Industrial Hygiene?
of Industrial Hygiene?
Objectives of Industrial Hygiene:
the labour working in all the occupations from diseases
the highest standard of their physical, mental and social welfare
the workers from diseases and accidents caused by their working conditions and
its ill effects on their health
adjustments between the work and the nature of individual
Principles of Industrial Hygiene:
health hazards in the work place can be measured quantitatively
exposure limits be adhered to
health effects of hazards in the workplace usually show a dose-response
industrial worker can be exposed in the following types of hazards, depending
upon his occupation.
Diseases are the results of physical conditions and the presence of industrial
poisonous and non-poisonous dust in the atmosphere. Raw material, products, by
products, and waste products may enter the body to endanger the health of the
10. What is Psychological Hazards?
Hazards may develop due to the workers inability to live in harmony with his
environment, both at home and place of work.
Hazards are now assuming more important than physical or chemical hazard.
Hazards are lack of job satisfaction, emotional tension, sense of insecurity,
fear, worry and anxiety.
According to British Association of Counselling define as ―The task of counselling is to give the
client an opportunity to explore discover and clarity ways of living more
resourcefully and towards greater well-being.‖