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Definition, Causes, Types - Individual differences | 12th Nursing : Chapter 3 : Applied Psychology

Chapter: 12th Nursing : Chapter 3 : Applied Psychology

Individual differences

It is defined as the differences among individuals, that distinguish or separate them from one another and make one as a unique individual in oneself.

Individual differences

We all know that whatever lies around us in the form of non-living or living beings differ, from each other in so many respects. Humans, though we are a common species, differ in sizes, shapes, appearances, colour, personality and behaviour. There are individual variations and differences found in ourselves.

 

Definition of individual differencesy

It is defined as the differences among individuals, that distinguish or separate them from one another and make one as a unique individual in oneself.

 

Types of individual differences

1. Physical or physiological differences

2. Psychological differences

In total the differences may be found in the following respects. They are differences related to

               Physical differences

               Differences in intelligence

               Differences in attitudes

               Differences in achievement

               Differences in motor ability

               Differences on accout of sex

               Racial differences

               Differences due to nationality

               Differences due to economic status.

               Emotional differences

               Personality differences

 

Causes of individual differences

               Heredity

               Influence of caste, race and nation

               Sex differences

               Age an intelligence

               Temperament and emotional stability

               Economic condition and education

               Environment

 

Implications for Nursing

Nurses must understand that it is quite natural for their patients and people under their care to differ in respect of their likes and dislikes, levels of IQ and understanding, tolerance for the pain, adjustment to the new situations and environment, social and emotional adjustment etc. She must plan her nursing actions considering these differences in her mind.

The knowledge on individual differences helps nurses to learn and provide care which is unique for each individual.

Nurses can make their patients and relatives realize that all are not same and there is no point in comparing their treatment with that of others. They cannot simply copy the treatment of others and all cannot be benefitted in the same way.

Nurses can understand and guide or protect the patients with inferiority or superiority feelings under their care.

 

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12th Nursing : Chapter 3 : Applied Psychology : Individual differences | Definition, Causes, Types


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