RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS
Collegiality is a kind of connectedness
grounded in respect for professional expertise and in a commitment to the goals
and values of the profession and collegiality includes a disposition to support
and cooperate with one‘s colleagues.
are the central elements of collegiality?
are the two senses of Loyalty?
i. Agency Loyalty – Acting to fulfill one‘s
contractual duties to an employer. It‘s a matter of actions, whatever its
ii. Identification Loyalty – Has as much as to
do with attitudes, emotions, and a sense of personal identity as it does with
may an Identification Loyalty be said as obligatory?
i. Employees must see some of their own important
goals as met by and through a group in which they participate.
ii. Employees must be treated fairly, each
receiving his or her share of benefits and burdens.
What is the relationship between the Loyalty to
the company and Professional responsibility to the public?
i. Acting on professional commitments to the
public can be a more effective way to serve a company than a mere willingness
to follow company orders.
ii. Loyalty to companies or their current
owners should not be equated with merely obeying one‘s immediate supervisor.
iii. An engineer might have professional
obligations to both an employer and to the public that reinforce rather than
contradict each other.
Institutional Authority is acquired, exercised
and defined within organizations. It may be defined as the institutional right
given to a person to exercise power based on the resources of the institution.
Define Expert Authority?
Expert authority is the possession of special
knowledge, skill or competence to perform task or give sound advice.
is the basic moral task of salaried engineers?
The basic moral task of salaried engineers is
to be aware of their obligations to obey employers on one hand and to protect
and serve the public and clients of the other.
are the guidelines to reach an agreement?
i. Attack problem and not people.
ii. Build trust.
iii. Start with a discussion and analysis of
interests, concerns, needs. It begin with interests, not positions or
v. Brainstorm; suggesting an idea does not mean
one aggress with it. Develop multiple options.
vi.Use objective criteria whenever possible. Agree
on how something will be measured.
What are the essential elements of IPR?
11. What are
the criteria for identifying that information is “labelled” confidential at the
i. Engineers shall treat information coming to
them in the course of their as confidential.
ii. Identify any information which if it became
known would cause harm to the corporation or client.
iii. Confidential information is any information
that the employer or client would like to have kept secret in order to compete
effectively against business rivals.
What are the terms associated with
i. Privileged Information
ii. Proprietary Information
How will you justify the obligation of
The obligation of confidentiality can be
justified at two levels. FIRST Level : Moral Considerations
Respect for autonomy Respect for promises
Regard for public well-being
Level : Major Ethical Theories Rights Ethicists
Duty Ethicists Rule-utilitarians
Define Conflicts of Interest?
Conflict of interests is a situation in which
two or more interests are not simultaneously realizable. It is the disagreement
between public obligation and self-interest of an official.
Why does a conflict of interests arise?
a. Financial Investments
b. Insider Trading c. Bribe
What is a Bribe?
A Bribe is a substantial amount of money or
goods offered beyond a stated business contract with the aim of winning an
advantage in gaining or keeping the contract.
is called „White-collar crime‟?
Occupational crimes are illegal acts made
possible through one‘s lawful employment. It is the secret violation of laws
regulating work activities. When committed by office workers of professionals,
occupational crime is called ‗white-collar crime‘.
18. What is called Kickbacks?
Prearranged payments made by contractors to
companies or their representatives in exchange for contracts actually granted
are called kickbacks.
What are the types of Conflicts of interest?
i. Actual conflict of
ii. Potential conflict of interest
Apparent conflict of interest
How will you solve the Conflict problems?
i. Finding the creative
ii. Employing Lower-level considerations.
iii. Making the hard choice.