THE EMPLOYEE ROLE OF CONFIDENTIALITY:
Confidentiality or confidential information:
considered desirable to be kept secret.
information that the employer or client would like to have kept secret in order
to compete effectively against business rivals.
information includes how business is run, its products, and suppliers, which
directly affects the ability of the company to compete in the market place
the competitor to gain advantage or catch up
Privileged information, Proprietary information
available only on the basis of special privilege‟ such as granted to an
employee working on a special assignment.
that a company owns or is the proprietor of.
primarily used in legal sense.
Trade Secret. A trade secret can be virtually any type of information that has
not become public and which an employer has taken steps to keep secret.
from trade secrets.
protect specific products from being manufactured and sold by competitors
without the express permission of the patent holder.
have the drawback of being public and competitors may easily work around them
by creating alternate designs.
Obligation of Confidentiality:
1. Based on ordinary moral considerations:
I. Respect for autonomy:
the legitimate control over private information (individuals or corporations).
control is required to maintain their privacy and protect their self-interest.
II. Respect for Promise:
promises in terms of employment contracts not to divulge certain information
considered sensitive by the employer
III. Regard for public well being:
when there is a confidence that the physician will not reveal information, the
patient will have the trust to confide in him.
only when companies maintain some degree of confidentiality concerning their
products, the benefits of competitiveness within a free market are promoted.
2. Based on Major Ethical Theories:
theories profess that employers have moral and institutional rights to decide
what information about their organization should be released publicly.
acquire these rights as part of their responsibility to protect the interest of
theories, rights ethics, duty ethics and utilitarianism justify this
confidentiality but in different ways.
Effect of Change of Job on Confidentiality:
are obliged to protect confidential information regarding former employment,
after a change of job.
confidentiality trust between employer and employee continues beyond the period
employee cannot be forced not to seek a change of job.
employer‘s right to keep the trade secrets confidential by a former employee
should be accepted at the same time, the employee‘s right to seek career
advancement cannot also be denied.