COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND OCCUPATIONAL CRIME:
Collective bargaining is inconsistent with
loyalty to employers because it
against the desires of the employer
force or coercion against the employer and
collective and organized opposition.
But every instance of such conduct need not be
An example: Three engineers sincerely feel that
they are underpaid. After their representations to their bosses are in vain,
they threaten their employer, politely, that they would seek employment
elsewhere. Here, even though, they act against the desires of their employer
and have acted collectively, they have not acted unethically or violated their
Service Argument‟- Collective bargaining.
Service Argument‟ is an argument against collective bargaining.
paramount duty of engineers is to serve the public.
by definition, promote the interests of their members and whenever there is a
clash of interests, the interest of the general public is ignored by them.
Though the argument is a valid one, it looks at the worst possible scenarios
with unions and decides that engineering unions act only irresponsibly.
· A body of engineers can promote engineers‟
interest within limits set by professional concern for the public good.
of Collective Bargaining.
a) Unions have created healthy salaries and high
standard of living of employees.
b) They give a sense of participation in company
c) They are a good balance to the power of
employers to fire employees at will.
d) They provide an effective grievance redressal
procedure for employee complaints.
Caused by Collective Bargaining.
a) Unions are devastating the economy of a country,
being a main source of inflation
b) With unions, there is no congenial (friendly),
cooperative decision making.
c) Unions do not promote quality performance by
making job promotion and retention based on seniority.
d) They encourage unrest and strained relations
between employees and employers.
crimes are illegal acts made possible through one‟s lawful employment.
the secretive violation of laws regulating work activities.
committed by office workers or professionals, occupational crime is called
„white collar crime‟.
Committing Occupational Crimes
have high standard of education
non-criminal family background
class male around 27 years of age (70% of the time) with no previous
involvement in drug or alcohol abuse
who had troublesome life experience in the childhood (Blum)
without firm principles (Spencer)
with declining profitability (Coleman, 1994)
highly regulated areas and volatile market -pharmaceutical,