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# Image Formed by Curved Mirrors

We have seen that the parallel rays of sun light (Figure 4) could be focused at a point using a concave mirror.

Image Formed by Curved Mirrors We have seen that the parallel rays of sun light (Figure 4) could be focused at a point using a concave mirror. Now let us place a lighted candle and a white screen in front of the concave mirror. Adjust the position of the screen. Move the screen front and back. Note the size of the image and its shape. Is it inverted? Is it small?

Next, slowly bring the candle closer to the mirror. What do you observe? As you bring the object closer to the mirror the image becomes bigger. Try to locate the image when you bring the candle very close to the mirror. Are you able to see an image on the screen? Now look inside the mirror. What do you see? An erect magni ed image of the candle is seen. In some positions of the object an image is obtained on the screen. However at some position of the object no image is obtained. It is clear that the behaviour of the concave mirror is much more complicated than the plane mirror.

However, with the use of geometrical technique we can simplify and understand the behaviour of the image formed by a concave mirror. In the earlier case of plane mirror, we used only two rays to understand how to get full image of a person. But for understanding the nature of image formed by a concave mirror we need to look at four speci c rules.

## 1. Rules for the construction of image formed by spherical mirrors

From each point of an object, number of rays travel in all directions. To nd the position and nature of the image formed by a concave mirror, we need to know the following rules.

Rule 1: A ray passing through the centre of curvature is reflected back along its own path (Figure 5). Rule 2: A ray parallel to the principal axis passes through the principal focus after reflection (Figure 6). Rule 3: A ray passing through the focus gets reflected and travels parallel to the principal axis (Figure 7). Rule 4: A ray incident at the pole of the mirror gets reflected along a path such that the angle of incidence (APC) is equal to the angle of reflection (BPC) (Figure 8). Tags : Light | Science , 9th Science : Light
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