Finds a number corresponding to a part of collection in the form of fractions
Radhika bought a chocolate bar, which is divided into 8 pieces. She wants to share it with his brother Tharun. She gave him 2 parts out of 8 parts. But he denied to have that. He needed more. Then she gave him 3 out of 8 parts, which was also refused by him. So she finally decided to give him 4 out of 8 parts. Again, he was not willing to take. He wants more. But she explained him that she had given him equal share only.
Consider the above situation. How will you express 2 out of 8 parts mathematically?
2/8 Isn’t it?
How will you express 3 out of 8 parts?
3/8 Isn’t it?
Here, 2/8 and 3/8 are fractions.
Fraction is a part of a whole or collection.
Given below is a collection of 7 stars,
How will you represent the shaded and unshaded stars given above as fractions?
Total stars = 7
Shaded stars =5
Unshaded stars = 2
Fraction of the shaded stars = 5/7
Fraction of the unshaded stars = 2/7
i. Represent the crossed out part as a fraction.
ii. Represent the figures that are outside the circle as a fraction.
To identify the terms like numerator and denominator.
Consider the same situation. In 2/8, the number above the line represents the numerator that is ‘2’ and the number below the line represents the denominator, that is ‘8’. The small line that is inbetween the top number and bottom number is the division bar.
i. In 3/7, 3 is the rumerator and 7 is the denominator.
ii. In 6/10, 6 is the rumerator and 10 is the denominator.
To compare different simple fractions
Consider the same situation
In the first sharing
Radhika’s share = 6 / 8
Tharun’s Share = 2 / 8.
Who gets more pieces of chocolate?
Radhika will get more pieces of chocolate.
How do you know that?
By comparing the numerator. Denominator is equal here in both the fractions.
Check the Numerator: 2 < 6 (or) 6 > 2.
2/8 < 6/8 (or) 6/8> 2/8
Represent the following figures in fraction, compare them and say which is greater ?
Fraction represented in fig (i) is 3/5 and the fraction represented in fig (ii) is 2/5.
As the denominators in both the fractions are equal, checking the numerator, we get, 3 > 2.
Therefore, 3/5 > 2/5
Write the following figures in fractions and say which is smaller?
Fraction represented in fig(i) is 3/4 .
Fraction represented in fig(ii) is 1/4 .
As the denominators in both the fractions are equal, checking the numerator, we get 1 < 3.
1/4 < 3/4