scheme of Parliamentary system of government provided by the constitution, the
governor is the nominal executive authority and the Chief Minister is the real
executive authority. In other words, the governor is the head of the State
while the Chief Minister is the head of the government.
Minister is appointed by the Governor of the State.
of the Chief Minister is not fixed. He may remain as the Chief Minister as long
as he enjoys the support of the majority of the members of the Legislative
Assembly. He has to resign when he losses confidence of the majority in the
assembly. It is ‘understood that normally he completes 5 years term like other
members in the Legislative Assembly.
• The Chief
Minister recommends the persons who can be appointed as ministers by Governor.
allocates the portfolios among the ministers.
shuffles and reshuffles his ministry.
presides over the meetings of the Council of Ministers and influences its
guides, directs, controls and coordinates the activities of all the ministers.
advises the Governor in relation to the appointment of the following officials:
General of the State.
and Members of the State Public Service Commission.
and Members of the State Planning Commission.
and Members of the State Finance Commission.
• The Chief Minister advises the Governor with
regard to the summoning and proroguing the sessions of the state legislature.
announces the government policies on the floor of the house.
• He can
introduce the bills in the Legislative Assembly.
• He can
recommend for the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly to the Governor
Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to the State Legislature. All
the members of the Council of Ministers must be the members of the State
Legislature. Those who are not the members at the time of their appointment, must
secure their seats in the Legislature within a period of 6 months. If a
no-confidence motion is passed by the Legislative Assembly, the State Ministry
l63 provides for a Council of Ministers to aid and advice the Governor. According
to Article 163(1) there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister
at the head to aid and advice the Governor in the exercise of his functions,
except in so far as he is by or under this Constitution required to exercise
his functions or any of them in his discretion.
164(1) holds that the Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor.
164(1A) states that the total number of Ministers, including the Chief
Minister, in the Council of Ministers in a State shall not exceed fifteen
percent of the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly.
formulates and decides the policies of the state and implements them
decides the legislative programmes of the Legislative Assembly and sponsors all
controls the financial policy and decides the tax structure for the public
welfare of the state.
• It makes
the important appointments of the Heads of Departments.
discusses and takes efforts on the dispute with other states
• It frames
the proposal for incurring expenditure out of state reserves.
decides all the bills whether ordinary bills or money bills to be introduced in
the Legislative Assembly.
minister of the Council of Ministers supervises, controls and coordinates the
Financial Statement called as the Budget is finalised by the Council of