VI. Answer in detail
1. What are the powers and functions of the Chief Minister?
Powers relating to the Council of Ministers:
• The Chief Minister recommends the persons who can be appointed as ministers by Governor.
• He allocates the portfolios among the ministers.
• He shuffles and reshuffles his ministry.
• He presides over the meetings of the Council of ministers.
• He guides, directs, controls and coordinates the activities of all the ministers.
Powers relating to the Governor:
The Chief Minister advises the Governor in relation to the appointments of the following officials.
• Advocate General of the State.
• State Election Commissioner
• Chairman and members of the State Public Service Commission.
• Chairman and members of the State Planning Commission.
• Chairman and members of the State Finance Commission.
Powers relating to State Legislature:
• The Chief Minister advises the Governor with regard to the summoning and proroguing the sessions of the State legislature.
• He announces the government policies on the floor of the House.
• He can introduce the bills in the Legislative Assembly.
• He can recommend for the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly to the Governor.
2. Describe the legislative powers of the Governor.
• The Governor summons, prorogues the state legislature and dissolves the State Legislative Assembly.
• He can address the State legislature at the commencement of the first session after each general election and the first session of each year.
• He can send messages to the houses of the state legislature relating to a bill pending in the legislature.
• He can appoint any member of the legislative Assembly to preside over the proceedings when the Speaker and Deputy speaker is vacant.
• He nominates one member to the State Legislature from the Anglo Indian Community.
• He nominates 1/6 of the members to the State Legislative Council.
• Each bill passed by the State Legislature becomes law only after his signature.
• He can promulgate ordinances when the State legislature is not in session.
• He has to lay the annual reports of the State Finance Commission, State Public Service Commission and the Auditor Gerneral before the State legislature.
3. Critically examine the functions and powers of the Council of Ministers
• It formulates and decides the policies of the state and implements them effectively.
• It decides the legislative programmes of the Legislative Assembly and sponsors all important bills.
• It controls the financial policy and decides the tax structure for the public welfare of the state.
• It makes important appointments of the heads of departments.
• It discusses and takes efforts on the dispute with other states.
• It frames the proposal for incurring expenditure out of state reserves.
• It decides all the bills whether ordinary bills or money bills to be introduced in the Legislative assembly.
• Each minister supervises, controls and coordinates the department concerned.
• The budget is finalised by the Council of Ministers.
VII. Project and Activity
1. Prepare a flow chart showing the State Government’s Administrative setup.
2. Students to list out the names of the Tamil Nadu Governor, Chief Minister, Ministers and the Governors and Chief Ministers of the neighbouring States.