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Chapter: Biology: Classification of Plants

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Bryophyta: Characteristics and Importance

There are about 23,000 species of Bryophyta in the world, of which Mosses constitute a major portion of this group.

Bryophyta:

There are about 23,000 species of Bryophyta in the world, of which Mosses constitute a major portion of this group. Mosses grow abundantly in Bangladesh. Characteristics of Bryum moss are described here. Bryum grows on damp soil, on tree trunk and on the old walls etc.

 

Characteristics :

 

1.  Plant body is divided into Rhizoid (instead of root), Leaf and Stem.

 

2.  There is no vascular tissue in its body.

 

 3.  Male and female plants are different.

 

4.  Bi-flagellate sperms, grown in male plants, united with the non-motile egg. grown in the female plant, initiate the sporophyte.

  

5.  Sporophytes are developed on the top of the female plants.

 

6.  Spores produced in the capsules germinate to produce algae like filamentous Protonema.

 

7.  Moss plants develop from the Protonema.

 


Importance of Moss plants : Mosses help togrow soil on the stony surface. It helps tohold water. Pit coal is develop fromSphagnum (a Moss).

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