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Chapter: 12th Nursing : Chapter 1 : Home Nursing


Ayurveda defines knowledge about age or the knowledge which describe age.


The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy, abbreviated as AYUSH, is a governmental body in our country was purposed with developing, education and research in India and the traditional Tibetan medicine. It started in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H). The Ministry of AYUSH was formed with effect from 9 November 2014 by elevation of the Department of AYUSH.



The Department of AYUSH has the following objectives:-

·            Delivery of AYUSH Services

·             Human Resource Development in AYUSH

·             Promotion and Propagation of AYUSH Systems

·             Research in AYUSH

·             Conservation and cultivation of medicinal plants

·             Effective AYUSH Drugs Administration



Ayur’ means age and ‘Veda’ denotes knowledge. Ayurveda defines knowledge about age or the knowledge which describe age. The knowledge of Ayurveda is claimed to have passed down to humans through a chain of supreme beings. Oldest references of Ayurveda are found in Atharvaveda that is last of four principals text of Hindu philosophy.

Major Principals of Ayurveda are

·            Tridosha

·            Triguna

·            Saptdhatu

·            Panchmahabhoot

·            Biofire (Agni)

 The objectives of Ayurveda is maintenance and promotion of health, prevention of disease and cure of sickness

 Health is considered as a state of balance of tridosh and triguna in body matrix

 The Diagnosis of disease is achieved by taking care of various internal and externalfactors altogether, by means of treating body as a whole

 The treatment of disease can be achieved by: 1. Nidan Parivarjan (Avoidance of factor, causing disease) 2. Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment) 3. Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment) 4. Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and activity)



The literal meaning of the Sanskrit word Yoga is ’Yoke’. According to Maharishi Patanjali (The Father of Yoga), Yoga is the suppression of five modifications of the mind.


Types of yoga

Japa Yoga- To concentrate one’s mind on divine name or holy syllable, mantra etc.

Karma Yoga- Teaches us to perform all actions without having any desire for their fruit.

Gyana Yoga- Teaches to discriminate between self and non- self and to acquire the knowledge of one’s spiritual entity.

Bhakti Yoga- A system of intense devotion with emphasis on complete surrender to divine will.

Raja Yoga- Raja Yoga is popularly known as Ashtanga Yoga .

Swara Yoga- It involves the systematic study of the breath flowing through the nostril.

Kundalini Yoga- It is a part of Tantric Tradition and it involves awakening of potential force residing in Muladhara chakra.

Nadi- Nadi is flow of energy which we can visualize at the psychic level as high voltage channels conducting the energy to the chakras of yoga.

Naturopathy : Naturopathy is an art and science of healthy living and a drugless system of healing. The morbid matter theory, concept of vital force and other concepts upon which Naturopathy is based are already available in old texts. The revival of Naturopathy started in India by translation of Germany’s Louis Kuhne’s book “New Science of Healing”. Naturopathy is a system of man building harmony with the constructive principles and forces of Nature.

It has great health promotive, disease preventive and curative as well as restorative potential and effect.


Types of Naturopathy

1.  Diet Therapy

2.  Fasting Therapy

3.  Mud Therapy


Unani System Of Medicine

Unani : Unani system originated in Greece. The foundation of Unani system was laid by Hippocrates. In India, Unani System of Medicine was introduced by Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. Four humors balance theory.(Dam (blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and Sauda (black bile).

Seven components makes human body. Mizaj (Temperament),Akhlat (Humors), Aaza (Organs),Arwah (Spirits),Quwa (Faculties),Afaal (Functions),Arkan (Elements). The Diagnostic process in Unani system is dependent on observation and physical examination. Any illness of a person is to be regarded as a product of: 1.The kind of temperament, and strength of faculties he has; 2.The type of factors operating on him from outside.

Unani medicine has the following main types of treatment.

1.Regimental therapy

2. Diet therapy




Siddha System Of Medicine

Siddha: Siddha system is one of the oldest systems of medicine in India. The term Siddha means achievements and Siddhars were saintly persons who achieved results in medicine. The Siddha System is largely therapeutic in nature. According to its tradition it was lord Shiva who unfolded the knowledge of Siddha system of medicine to his concert Parvati who handed it down to Nandi Deva and he then to Siddhas. This principles and doctrines of this system, have a close similarity to Ayurveda, with specialization in Iatro- chemistry. According to this system the human body is the replica of the universe and so are the food and drugs irrespective of their origin.

This system considers the human body as a conglomeration of three humors, seven basic tissues, waste products of the body (feces, urine and sweat). The Siddha system is capable to treating all types of disease other than emergency cases specially skin and venereal diseases.



Homoeopathy is youngest of all these medicinal system, yet rapidly growing and is being practiced almost all over the world. The word ‘Homoeopathy’ is derived from two Greek words, Homois meaning similar and pathos meaning suffering. It is based on the natural law of healing- “Similia Similibus Curantur” which means “likes are cured by likes”. It was given a scientific basis by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) in the early 19th century.

During illness the whole person is in a state of imbalance. Homoeopathic remedies are potentized substances carrying information/ energy force that acts on vital force. Once that vital force is balanced, the person heals himself. Homoeopathic medicines are bio-energetic substances with similar resonance or vibration, matched to the person’s state of imbalance. Homoeopathic remedies are diluted beyond Avogadro’s number so there are no chemical side–effects. Potentization= Highly diluting a substance in alcohol or distilled water, stirring it in fixed number of times in precise directions and striking a pestle against a mortar certain times. Two type of treatments 1. Acute,Chronic

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