Appointment of Auditor [Sec. 139]
CompaniesAct,2013definesaGovernment Company [Section 2 (45)], "as a company in which not less than 51% of the paid up share capital is held by the Central or State Government or Governments or partly by the Central government and partly by one or more State governments."
· The first auditor of Government company shall be appointed by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India within 60 days from the date of registration of the company.
· In case the Comptroller and Auditor General of India does not appoint such auditor within 60 days, the Board of Directors of the company shall appoint first auditor within next 30 days.
· In case of failure of the Board to appoint the first auditor, it shall inform Members of the company who shall appoint first auditor within 60 days at an Extraordinary General Meeting.
· First Auditor shall hold office till the conclusion of the first Annual General Meeting.
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India shall appoint subsequent auditor of Government companies within 180 days from the commencement of the financial year and who shall hold office till the conclusion of the Annual General Meeting.
Appointment of auditor due to casual vacancy in Government Company is filled by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India within 30 days. If he fails to do so, the Board of Directors shall fill within next 30 days.
The first auditor of a company other than a Government company, shall be appointed by the Board of Directors within 30 days from the Date of Registration of the company.
In case of failure of the Board to appoint the auditor, it shall inform the members of the company. The Members shall appoint the auditor within 90 days at an Extraordinary General Meeting.
Appointed First Auditor shall hold office till the conclusion of the first Annual General Meeting.
Every company shall appoint an individual or a firm as auditor of the company at the first Annual General Meeting.
The appointed auditor shall hold the office till the conclusion of sixth Annual General Meeting and thereafter till the conclusion of every sixth meeting.
The Company shall place the matter relating to such appointment of ratification by member at every Annual General Meeting.
Before such appointment is made, the written consent of the auditor to such appointment and also a certificate from the auditor that he is eligible for appointment shall be obtained from the auditor.
The company shall inform the appointed auditor and also file a notice of such appointment with the Registrar within 15 days of the meeting in which the auditor is appointed.
Causal vacancy arise due to death or insanity or insolvency of an auditor. If an auditor is disqualified after his appointment, he shall vacate his office as auditor. Such vacation shall be deemed to be a casual vacancy in the office of the auditor.
Appointment of auditor's in case of casual vacancy shall be done by the Board of Directors within a period of 30 days.
If vacancy is due to resignation of an auditor, such appointment shall also be approved by the company at a General Meeting convened within 3 months of the recommendation of the Board.
The auditor shall hold office till the conclusion of the next Annual General Meeting.