APPLICATION OF COMPRESSORS
Ø Reciprocating compressors are typically used where high compression ratios (ratio of discharge to suction pressures) are required per stage without high flow rates, and the process fluid is relatively dry.
Ø Screw compressors: Trailer mounted diesel powered units are often seen at construction sites, and are used to power air operated construction machinery.
Ø P.E.T bottling industries, gas filling stations usually use reciprocating compressors.
Ø Processing equipment, Oxygen Generators Oil Atomization use compressors of required capacity.
Ø Air compressors: a compressor that takes in air at atmospheric pressure and delivers it at a higher pressure.
Ø Compressors serve the basic necessities & form an integral part of the company .
Ø Pneumatic brakes
Ø Pneumatic drills
Ø Pneumatic jacks
Ø Pneumatic lifts
Ø Spray painting
Ø Shop cleaning
Ø Injecting fuel in Diesel engines
Ø Refrigeration and Air conditioning systems.
CONCEPT OF AIR COMPRESSOR
Ø The process of increasing the pressure of air, gas or vapour by reducing its volume is what compression.
Ø The devise used to carry out this process is called a compressor.
Principles on which compressors work:
Ø A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
Ø Compressor is a machine which increases the pressure of a fluid by mechanically decreasing its volume (i.e. by compressing it).(The fluid here is generally air since liquids are theoretically incompressible).