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What are the appropriate monitors for this case?
A precordial or esophageal stethoscope is the most important monitor. With the stethoscope, the anesthesiol-ogist can listen for the presence of breath sounds, as well as to the quality and rate of heart sounds. Changes in these sounds are often the first sign of change in the patient’s condition, occurring before any change in the other moni-tors. Monitoring should include pulse oximetry, electro-cardiogram, noninvasive blood pressure, capnometry (if using general anesthesia), and temperature.
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