What are the appropriate monitors for this case?
A precordial or esophageal stethoscope is the
most important monitor. With the stethoscope, the anesthesiol-ogist can listen
for the presence of breath sounds, as well as to the quality and rate of heart
sounds. Changes in these sounds are often the first sign of change in the
patient’s condition, occurring before any change in the other moni-tors.
Monitoring should include pulse oximetry, electro-cardiogram, noninvasive blood
pressure, capnometry (if using general anesthesia), and temperature.