![if !IE]> <![endif]>
Types of Partners
You have learnt that normally every partner in a firm contributes to its capital, participates in the day-to-day management of firm's activities, and shares its profits and losses in the agreed ratio. In other words all partners are supposed to be active partners. However, in certain cases there are partners who play a limited role. They may contribute capital and such partners cannot be termed as active partners. Similarly, some persons may simply lend their name to the firm and make no contribution to capital of the firm. Such persons are partners only in name. Thus, depending upon the extent of participation and the sharing of profits, liability
etc., partners can be classified into various categories. These are summarised here under
(a) Based on the extent of participation in the day-to-day management of the firm partners can be classified as 'Active Partners' and 'Sleeping Partners'. The partners who actively participate in the day-to-day operations of the business are known as active partners or working partners. Those partners who do not participate in the day-to-day activities of the business are known as sleeping or dormant partners. Such partners simply contribute capital and share the profits and losses
(b) Based on Liability, the partners can be classified as 'Limited Partners' and 'General Partners'. The liability of limited partners is limited to the extent of their capital contribution. This type of partners is found in Limited Partnership firms in some European countries and USA. So far, it is not allowed in India. However, the Limited liability Partnership Act is very much under consideration of the Parliament. The partners having unlimited liability are called as general partners or Partners with unlimited liability. It may be noted that every partner who is not a limited partner is treated as a general partner.
(c) Based on the behaviour and conduct exhibited, there are two more types of partners besides the ones discussed above. These are (a) Partner by Estoppel; and (b) Partner by Holding out. A person who
behaves in the public in such a way as to give an impression that he/she is a partner of the firm, is called 'partner by estoppel'. Such partners are not entitled to share the profits of the firm, but are fully liable if some body suffers because of his/her false representation. Similarly, if a partner or partnership firm declares that a
particular person is a partner of their firm, and such a person does not disclaim it, then he/she is known as 'Partner by Holding out'. Such partners are not entitled to profits but are fully liable as regards the firm's debts
Copyright © 2018-2023 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.