A complete diagnosis is very important for necessary treatment. If the disease is due to the compression of the spinal cord, it is important to decide if surgery is possible or not. Surgeries ranging from, long, complicated microsurgery; to the surgeries to dissolve tumors with the help of ultrasound (CUSA) are now available in our country. Surgery of the spinal cord is normally not dangerous, but it is undeniable that the operation has to be done very delicately, skillfully and systematically, because the spinal cord is very narrow and congested with innumerable nerve fibres. Thus, to prevent any damage, the surgeon has to be very cautious during surgery.
The non-compressive disorders are treated according to the underlying cause like:
· Treatment for TB.
· Use of steroids for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases, as well as collagen diseases.
· Vitamin deficiency is treated accordingly.... etc. Specific treatments for congenital diseases or degenerative diseases (like motor neuron disease) have not yet been discovered.
Physiotherapy (exercise) is necessary in all these diseases along with nutritious food. One should also be careful about bedsores. If there are associated bowel and bladder problems they should also be treated simultaneously:
It is not possible to write about all the diseases of spinal cord due to limitation of space, however above information should suffice.
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