Syndromes (symptom complex) of spinal cord disorders :
i. All the sensation in the spinal cord being cut off below a certain level, with loss of movements of both legs, retention of stool and urine may occur e.g. a vertebralfracture in a road accident.
ii. The working of certain sensory nerves gets disturbed and its motor functioning decreases along with pain in the nerve. (Myelo-Radiculopathy) like spondylosis.
iii. The functioning of the half side of the spinal cord is affected. (Brown Sequard). This causes loss of movement of the leg on one side, while the sensation of the other leg gets hampered.
iv. The front part of the spinal cord stops functioning below a level suddenly (e.g. clot in a blood vessel).
v. Compression of the uppermost part of the spinal cord.(Foramen Magnum Compression).
vi. Syringomyelia: The middle portion of the spinal cord becomes hollow and fills with fluid resulting in the atrophy of the nerves of the hands with bladder dysfunction.
vii. ConusMedullaris syndrome: A tumor or compression at the lowermost part of the spinal cord. i.e. L1
viii. CaudaEquina Syndrome: The disease of the group of nerves coming out from the end of spinal cord.