The Airport Master Plan
An airport master plan
is a concept of the ultimate development of a specific airport. The term
development includes the entire airport area, both for aviation and nonaviation
uses, and the use of land adjacent to the airport . It presents the
development concept graphically and contains the data and rationale upon which
the plan is based. Figure 4-2 shows a simple flowchart of the steps for
preparing an airport master plan. Master plans are prepared to support expansion
and modernization of existing airports and guide the development of new
The overall objective
of the airport master plan is to provide guidelines for future development
which will satisfy aviation demand in a financially feasible manner and be
compatible with the environment, community development, and other modes of
More specifically it is a guide for
the physical facilities of an airport
land on and adjacent to the airport
Determining the environmental effects of
airport construction and operations
Establishing the technical, economic and
financial feasibility of proposed developments through a thorough investigation
of alternative concepts
Establishing a schedule of priorities
and phasing for the improvements proposed in the plan
Establishing an achievable financial
plan to support the implementation schedule
Establishing a continuing planning
process which will monitor conditions and adjust plan recommendations as
completing an airport master plan are described by ICAO and in the United States by the
FAA . A master plan report is typically organized as follows:
Master plan vision,
goals, and objectives-establishes the vision and
overarching goals for
the master plan as well as objectives thatwill guide the planning process and
help ensure that the goals are achieved and the vision is realized.
Inventory of existing
conditions-provides an overview of the ai history, role
in the region and nation, growth and development over time, description of its
physical assets (airfi eld and airspace, terminal, ground access, and support
facilities), and key industry trends.
Forecast of aviation
demand-future levels of aircraft operations, number
of passengers, and volume of cargo are forecasted for
and long-range time periods. Typically forecasts are made for 5, 10, and 20
years on both annual as well daily and busiest hours of the day.
analysis and facility requirements-compares the future
demand with the existing capacity of each airport component and identifi es the
facility requirements necessary to accommodate the demand.
development-identifi es, refi nes, and evaluates a
range of alternatives for accommodating facility requirements. If the
existing site cannot accommodate the anticipated growth, a selection process to
fi nd a new site may be necessary.
es, describes, and defi nes the alternative that best achieves the
master plan goals and objectives.
a comprehensive plan for the implementation of the preferred development
plan, including the defi nition
construction sequence and timeline, cost estimates, and fi nancial plan.
an overview of the anticipated environmental impacts associated with the
preferred development plan in order to understand the severity and to help
expedite subsequent environmental processing at the project specifi c stage.
Airport plans package-documents
that show the existing as well as planned modifi cations are prepared
and the more notable is the airport layout plan (ALP). It comprises drawings
that include the airfi eld's physical and runway approach profi les, land-use
plans, terminal area and ground access plans, and a property map. Specifi c guidelines
for the airport layout plan in the United States are identifi ed by FAA .
Stakeholder and public
involvement-documents the coordination efforts
that occur among the stakeholders throughout the study.