You have come across the French phrases ‘en famille’ _ and ‘bons mots’ _ in the lesson. Now look at the following phrases and their meanings.
a. viva voce - a spoken examination
b. sine die - without a date being fixed
c. resume- a brief summary
d. rapport - close relationship with good understanding
e. bonafide - genuine
1) bon voyage 2) in toto 3) liaison 4) ex gratia 5) en masse 6) en route 7) ad hoc 8) faux pas
1. Bon voyage: an expression of good wishes when someone leaves on a journey
Sentence: I wished bon voyage to my friend for his successful trip.
2. In toto: totally I entirely
Sentence: My proposal was accepted by the management in toto.
3. liaison: A person who acts as a link to assist communication between groups of people..
He is our liaison with a number of interested parties
4. ex gratia: as a favour : not compelled by legal right
The sum was paid ex gratia.
5. en masse: in a body : as a whole
The government staff marched en masse towards St. Geroge’s fort.
6. en route: on I along the way
I reached Chennai en route to Trichy.
7. ad hoc: used for specific or immediate problems or needs
The government took the decision on an ad hoc basis.
8. faux pas: improper act or remark
Watching TV during eating is a faux pas in our family.
9. par excellence: beyond comparison
He praised her as the teacher par excellence
10. in camera: in private/ secretly
As the accused was only 14 years old, the trial was held in camera.
11. status quo: in the former state
People always resist changes. They want to maintain the status quo.
12. magnum opus: the most important piece of work done by a writer or artist
‘The Jungle Book’ is considered to be a magnum opus of Rudyard Kipling’s.
13. in cognito: in disguise or by changing your name or appearance
The prince often travelled abroad in cognito.
14. deja vu: a feeling of having already experienced the present situation.
I entered the room and immediately felt a sense of deja vu.
15. a-la-carte: practice of ordering separate dishes from a menu
You get more choices if you order from an a-la-carte menu.
16. Via media: A middle way / compromise between extremes
He acts as a via media between theists and atheists.
17. Per capita: used to refer the amount for each person
The sharp fall in per capita income was one of the signs of the financial crisis.
18. tete-a-tete: Private conversation between two
They two had a useful tete-a-tete yesterday.
19) Carte blanche: Complete freedom to act as one wishes or thinks best.
We gave the decorator carte blanche to
furnish the house.
Here is a list of some words borrowed from Indian languages and have been included in the Dictionary of English. Add more words to the table.
Look at the list of idioms given below. Find their meanings from a dictionary. Read the sentences that follow and replace the words in italics with the appropriate idioms, making suitable changes wherever necessary.
· right up one’s alley - to be the type of thing that you are interested in or that you enjoy doing
· drive one up the wall - to annoy or irritate someone
· hit the road - To leave; to depart; to begin one's journey, especially on a road trip;
· take (one) for a ride - to trick, cheat, or lie to someone
· in panic mode - fear after a night out:
a. The old man drove up the wall got irritated at the loud noise outside.
b. We were driving, when it started raining heavily. After stopping for an hour, we hit the road began the journey again.
c. Ramesh gave false excuses for not attending the meeting and too A me for a ride deceived me.
d. At the interview when questions were fired at me rapidly, I in panic mode forgot everything and grew irritated.
e. I love thrillers and this book is right up my alley appeals to me strongly.
The old man drove up the wall (got irritated) at the loud
b. We were driving, when it started raining heavily. After stopping for an hour, we hit the road (began the journey again)
c. Ramesh gave false excuses for not attending the meeting and too A me for a ride (deceived me)
d. At the interview when questions were fired at me rapidly, I was in panic mode(forgot everything and grew irritated)
e. I love thrillers and this book is right up my alley (appeals to me strongly)