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Chapter: Mechanical and Electrical - Thermal Engineering - Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

Technical Terms of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

Mechanical and Electrical - Thermal Engineering - Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

TECHNICAL TERMS

 

BTU - British thermal unit. A unit of heat energy - approximately the amount of energy needed to heat one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.

 

dBA  a unit for measuring sound power or pressure, deciBel on the A scale.

 

Capacity  the ability of a heating or cooling system to heat or cool a given amount of space.

 

For heating, this is usually expressed in BTU’s. For cooling, it is usually given in tons.

 

Compressor  the pump that moves the refrigerant from the indoor evaporator to the outdoor condenser and back to the evaporator again. The compressor is often called “the heart of the system” because it circulates the refrigerant through the loop.

 

Condenser  a device used to condense a refrigerant thereby rejecting the heat to another source, typically an air cooled or water cooled condenser.

 

Cassette  a fan coil unit that fits mainly in the ceiling void with only a diffuser plate visible, diffuses conditioned air in one, two, three or four directions.

 

HVAC  heating, ventilation and air conditioning.

 

Inverter system  Constantly alters fan and motor speeds. This enables faster cooling of a room, and the inverter air conditioner doesn’t have to switch itself on and off to maintain a constant

temperature.

 

kw  standard measurement of heat or power, 1kw = 1000 watts = 3412Btu/hr = 860kcal.

 

Load Calculation  a mathematical design tool used to determine the heat gain and heat loss in a building so that properly sized air conditioning and heating equipment may be installed.

 

Refrigerant  a substance that produces a refrigerating effect while expanding or vaporizing.

 

Reverse cycle  the reverse cycle air conditioner internally reverses its operation to provide heating or cooling, as required.

 

Split System  a central air conditioner consisting of two or more major components. The system usually consists of a compressor-containing unit and condenser, installed outside the building and a non-compressor  containing air handling unit installed within the building. This is the most common type of system installed in a home.

 

Zoning  the practice of providing independent heating and/or cooling to different areas in a structure. Zoning typically utilizes a system controller, zoning dampers controlled by a thermostat in each zone, and a bypass damper to regulate static pressure in the supply duct.

 

 

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Mechanical and Electrical - Thermal Engineering - Refrigeration and Air Conditioning : Technical Terms of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning |


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