The unjust nature of Versailles Peace Treaty,
failure of League of Nations, economic depression of the 1930s, expansionist
policies of Fascist powers like Italy, Germany and Japan, all contributing to
the outbreak of World War II are discussed.
The importance of Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbour,
the Battle of Stalingrad and bombing of Dresden, the dropping of atomic bombs
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are highlighted.
Peace settlement with Axis powers and their allies,
the establishment of UNO and the total outcome of the War are analysed.
The woes of Chinese peasants and the open door
policy pursued by the Manchu rulers, resulting in China being carved out as
spheres of influence by the foreign powers like Britain and France are
Spread of Christianity and interference of
foreigners in Chinese administration and Japanese aggression of Chinese
territories whipped up nationalist sentiments of the Chinese and prodding them
to revolt are explained.
Role played by Sun- Yat- sen and Mao-Tse Tung in
mobilising the Chinese against Manchu dynasty and in establishing People’s
government are described.
The Long March of Mao and the subsequent
developments leading finally to the establishment of communist rule in China
The history of liberation struggles, with
particular reference to Indonesia and the Philippines, is traced.
Japanese occupation of these two regions for more
than three years and eventual emergence of nationalist movements leading to the
overthrow of the colonial regimes in Indonesia and the Philippines are