ROLE OF BIOLOGY IN SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT
The two main branches of Biology are Botany and Zoology. In addition to these, there are other branches and sub-branches of Biology. You have come across some of those in the preceding parts of this chapter. Now let us discuss the importance of Biology on the basis of knowledge you have already attained.
Agricultural science has many branches of which Agronomy, Horticulture, Plant breeding, plant pathology, Fishery, Animal husbandry, Poultry, Honeybee culture (Apiculture), Sericulture etc. are important. With the application of knowledge of these branches economic development is possible.
Both plants and animals are the essential components of natural environment. It is known to you that plants and animals are interdependent in many ways. Ecology makes us alert about the importance of plants and animals and also the necessity of their presence in nature, Educated and conscious citizens can play important role in conservation and development of environment. Economic development sometimes produces adverse effects on natural environment. Environmental degradation and hazards can be encountered through proper application of our knowledge in ecology, Economic solvency and good environment help social development.
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