Results of Russian Revolution Of 1917
Russia withdrew from the First World War. Later, formal peace was signed with Germany later. The estates of the landlords, the Church and the Tsar were confiscated and transferred to peasants' societies to be allotted to peasant families to be cultivated without hired labour. The control of industries was transferred to committees of workers. By the middle of 1918, banks and insurance companies, large industries, mines, water transport and railways were nationalised. Foreign debts were refused and foreign investments were confiscated. A Declaration of the Rights of Peoples was issued conferring the right of self-determination upon all nationalities. A new government, called the Council of People's Commissars, headed by Lenin was founded. These first acts of the new government began the era of socialism.
Soviet constitution was adoped on July 10, 1918. It created the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic.
Later, on December 30, 1922, the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics came into being. However, soon the new Soviet
state was involved in a civil war. The officers of the army of the fallen Tsar
organised an armed rebellion against the Soviet state. Troops of foreign
powers-England, France, Japan, the United States and others- joined them. War
was fought till 1920. By this time the 'Red Army' of the new state was in
control of almost all the lands of the old Czarist empire. Indeed, a
revolutionary wave lasted until 1923.
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