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# Relationship Between Fourier Transform and Z Transform

There is a close relationship between Z transform and Fourier transform. If we replace the complex variable z by e Power(–jω), then z transform is reduced to Fourier transform.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOURIER TRANSFORM AND Z TRANSFORM

There is a close relationship between Z transform and Fourier transform. If we replace the complex variable z by e –jω, then z transform is reduced to Fourier transform.

Z transform of sequence x(n) is given by

Fourier transform of sequence x(n) is given by

Complex variable z is expressed in polar form as Z= rejω where r= |z| and ω is z. Thus we can be written as

Thus, X(z) can be interpreted as Fourier Transform of signal sequence (x(n) r–n). Here r–n grows with n if r<1 and decays with n if r>1. X(z) converges for |r|= 1. hence Fourier transform may be viewed as Z transform of the sequence evaluated on unit circle. Thus The relationship between DFT and Z transform is given by

The frequency ω=0 is along the positive Re(z) axis and the frequency /2 is along the positive Im(z) axis. Frequency is along the negative Re(z) axis and 3/2 is along the negative Im(z) axis.

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Discrete Time Systems and Signal Processing : Discrete Time System Analysis : Relationship Between Fourier Transform and Z Transform |