RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOURIER TRANSFORM AND Z TRANSFORM
There is a close relationship between Z transform and Fourier transform. If we replace the complex variable z by e –jω, then z transform is reduced to Fourier transform.
Z transform of sequence x(n) is given by
Fourier transform of sequence x(n) is given by
Complex variable z is expressed in polar form as Z= rejω where r= |z| and ω is ∟z. Thus we can be written as
Thus, X(z) can be interpreted as Fourier Transform of signal sequence (x(n) r–n). Here r–n grows with n if r<1 and decays with n if r>1. X(z) converges for |r|= 1. hence Fourier transform may be viewed as Z transform of the sequence evaluated on unit circle. Thus The relationship between DFT and Z transform is given by
The frequency ω=0 is along the positive Re(z) axis and the frequency ∏/2 is along the positive Im(z) axis. Frequency ∏ is along the negative Re(z) axis and 3∏/2 is along the negative Im(z) axis.